Wrong article / missing article / no article needed. The use of articles is determined by what we refer to in each context. The following table shows the possible choices of articles in different contexts:

Indefinite article

Definite article

No article (ø) + Plural noun/ Singular
uncountable noun

a, an

the

people/ pollution

Wrong: *Hong Kong is the unique place.

Right: Hong Kong is a unique place.

Wrong: *Where is a book?/ *A moon looks beautiful today. / *Moon looks beautiful today.

Right: Where is the book?/ The moon looks beautiful today.

Wrong: *Student need to work very hard if they want to graduate./ *The student needs to work very hard if they want to graduate.

Right: Students need to work very hard if they want to graduate.

Wrong: *The pollution affects people’s health.

Right: Pollution affects people’s health./ The pollution in Hong Kong affects people’s health.

 

In example 2, “the” is necessary because there is only ONE “Hong Kong Government” in Hong Kong.

 

WRONG
RIGHT
 1.

Healthy living should be instilled and encouraged at __ young age.

Healthy living should be instilled and encouraged at a young age.

 2.

__ Hong Kong government spends most of the budget focusing on economic development, but neglects the promotion of healthy lifestyles in Hong Kong.

The Hong Kong government spends most of the budget focusing on economic development, but neglects the promotion of healthy lifestyles in Hong Kong.

In example 3, there is a redundant article before the uncountable noun “alcohol”. In example 4, the definite article “the” cannot be used to refer to “government support”, which was not mentioned before. “Government support” here is referred to in general terms.

 

WRONG
RIGHT
 3.

The Hong Kong University conducted research on healthy living; they found that a alcohol consumption was very high.

The Hong Kong University conducted research on healthy living; they found that øalcohol consumption was very high.
4.

The absence of healthy living in Hong Kong has three aspects: education policy, the government support, and culture.

The absence of healthy living in Hong Kong has three aspects: education policy, ø government support, and culture.

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