Wrong preposition, missing preposition or no preposition needed. See also Word Choice.

Wrong preposition

In example 1, “famous” and “of” do not collocate. After “famous”, use “for”.
 
In example 2, “agree to” something means “agree to do something”. “Agree with” something means “accept the point of something”.
 
In example 3, you create “awful smell” “in” the harbour, not “for/to” the harbour.
 
In examples 4-6, if you use the preposition “for”, you tend to imply future.
 
In example 7, “in” and “contrary” do not collocate.
 

 

WRONG
RIGHT

1.

Hong Kong is famous of its big and deep harbor, known as Victoria Harbor. Hong Kong is famous for its big and deep harbor, known as Victoria Harbor
2. Some agree to those approaches towards the harbor development and would like to have those new facilities to add colors in life. Some agree with those approaches towards the harbor development and would like to have those new facilities to add colors in life.
3. We can find discarded plastic bottles, bags, fast-food wrappers and even Styrofoam boxes along the shoreline and this will definitely create some awful smell for/to our harbour. We can find discarded plastic bottles, bags, fast-food wrappers and even Styrofoam boxes along the shoreline and this will definitely create some awful smell in our harbour.
4. Unfortunately, behind the most spectacular harbour, there are many problems for the design of the Hong Kong Harbour. Unfortunately, behind the most spectacular harbour, there are many problems in/ with the design of the Hong Kong Harbour.
5. Take water pollution as an example of comparison […] Take water pollution as an example for comparison […]
6. Before designing a new plan of land utilization, we need to add one more step […] Before designing a new plan for land utilization, we need to add one more step […]
7. In the contrary, today’s Singapore harbour has a sophisticated urban design. On the contrary, today’s Singapore harbour has a sophisticated urban design.

 

Missing preposition

In example 8, the preposition “on” is required to maintain the parallel structure (i.e. focusing on X and on Y.).
 
In example 9, the writer mistakes “because” for “because of”. “Because” is used to connect sentences, whereas “because of” is used to connect noun phrases. See also Connector.
 
In example 10, it is only correct to say “provide something with something” (i.e. “provide the city with several advantages”).
 
In example 11, we need the preposition “from” because the tourists are not here (i.e. we attract tourists (coming) from all over the world.).
 
In example 12, the verb “lead” has to be collocated with the preposition “to”.
 

 

WRONG
RIGHT

8.

However, Hong Kong is focusing more on the economic development than _ the protection of the environment.

However, Hong Kong is focusing more on the economic development than on the protection of the environment.

9.

The view of the harbour is often unclear because _
the photochemical smog which is caused by nitrogen oxides and suspended particles.

The view of the harbour is often unclear because of the photochemical smog which is caused by nitrogen oxides and suspended particles.

10.

This shows that the good retention and conservation of heritage can provide the city _ several advantages.

This shows that the good retention and conservation of heritage can provide the city with several advantages.

11.

Witnessing the transformation of the city, Victoria Harbour has attracted admiring tourists _ all over the world.

Witnessing the transformation of the city, Victoria Harbour has attracted admiring tourists from all over the world.

12.

Development that contributes to the economy neglects the importance of cultural conservation and that leads _ the mentioned issues.

Development that contributes to the economy neglects the importance of cultural conservation and that leads to the mentioned issues.

 

Preposition not required

In example 13, the preposition “of” is redundant as it does not collocate with the verb “consider”. If we use the preposition “of”, “the question […]” cannot be an object because we need a noun phrase to be the object. See also Word Class.
 
In example 14, the preposition “in” is not needed because we need a noun phrase to be the subject of the sentence.
 
In example 15, the preposition “from” cannot be used because “worldwide” is not a noun. In this case, “worldwide” is an adverb. In other cases, it can be an adjective (i.e. “worldwide web”).
 
In example 16, the preposition “of” is wrong because “many” is a quantifier.
 

 

WRONG
RIGHT

13.

To begin with, let us consider of the question “Why is the harbor important for Hong Kong?”

To begin with, let us consider ø the question “Why is the harbor important for Hong Kong?”

14.

However, in other harbor cities such as Marina Bay in Singapore are far more advanced on harbor design for the convenience of tourists.

However, ø other harbor cities such as Marina Bay in Singapore are far more advanced on harbor design for the convenience of tourists.

15.

The harbour attracts thousands of tourists from worldwide yearly and it also plays an important role in Hong Kong’s economy, tourism, culture and people’s collective memories.

The harbour attracts thousands of tourists ø worldwide yearly and it also plays an important role in Hong Kong’s economy, tourism, culture and people’s collective memories.

16.

Based on the laissez-faire policy of the government, many of private companies were attracted to invest a huge amount of money in Hong Kong during 1970-1985.

Based on the laissez-faire policy of the government, many ø private companies were attracted to invest a huge amount of money in Hong Kong during 1970-1985.

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